New York Convention

The “Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards” issued in 1958 by an international conference under the aegis of the United Nations mainly aims at facilitating the enforcement of arbitral awards. The States Parties undertake to recognize and to enforce foreign arbitral awards issued in another State Party, unless the defendant in the enforcement action can establish the existence of one of the limited grounds established under the Convention for refusing to enforce the award. The Convention grounds exclude any review by the enforcement court of the merits of the dispute. On 27 September 2010, Fiji became the 145th State Party to the Convention, which facilitates the international movement of awards, and is one of the most important instruments of international arbitration.