Seat of arbitration

Initially the physical place where the arbitration proceedings take place, the seat of arbitration today refers to the legal situs of the arbitration proceedings — linking the arbitration procedure and the award to a particular, national legal system. The arbitration award is thus deemed rendered at the seat of the arbitration. The seat of arbitration is determined by the parties, usually in the arbitration agreement or, in the absence of party agreement, by the arbitral institution or the arbitration tribunal. The choice of the seat of arbitration involves important legal consequences. Among other things, the choice of the seat will determine whether national courts will support or interfere with the arbitral process, will determine whether the benefits of enforcement under the New York Convention will be available, and will determine the competent courts to hear any action to set aside the arbitral award.(See also Why the Seat Matters)